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Agricultural Review

Survey finds wildlife damage to N.C. field crops totals $29.4 million; deer top ‘perps’

Wildlife feasted on North Carolina field crops last year, running up a tab of $29.4 million, according to a statewide survey by the N.C. Agricultural Statistics Division.

Wildlife damaged $19 million worth of soybeans and $5.6 million worth of corn, Agriculture Commissioner Steve Troxler said in announcing the report. Damage to wheat, peanuts and cotton totaled $4.8 million.

“For some crops, animals can be as damaging as diseases, insects or the weather,” Troxler said. “And crop loss – regardless of how it occurred – can make a difference in profitability.”

Deer were the top gluttons. Ninety-two percent of soybean and cotton farms in the survey reported damage from deer. Deer also were the top foragers on 75 percent of peanut farms and 60 percent of wheat farms reporting damage.

“Bambi is a pest,” Troxler said.

The wildlife damage survey used a random sample of 1,200 North Carolina soybean, cotton, peanut, corn and wheat growers. The survey targeted only these field crops and was not designed to measure wildlife damage to other crops, such as vegetables, fruits and nursery plants. It was a cooperative effort of the N.C. Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, N.C. Soybean Producers Association, N.C. Peanut Growers Assoc-iation, N.C. Small Grain Growers Association, N.C. Rural Economic Development Center and the state Wildlife Resources Commission.

Troxler said the report provides benchmark information that farm groups, wildlife authorities and policy makers can use in future discussions about dealing with wildlife’s threat to crops. The results will also benefit the Wildlife Resources Commission’s educational efforts with land owners.

Fifty-three percent of farms in the survey reported using hunting to prevent wildlife damage.

The NCDA&CS launched a Web site, “Hunt NC Farmland,” to match farmers and hunters. Farmers interested in leasing their land for hunting can post on the site, and hunters can look for farms to hunt on. The site is online at

NCDA&CS Public Affairs Division, Andrea Ashby, Director
Mailing Address:1001 Mail Service Center, Raleigh NC 27699-1001
Physical Address: 2 West Edenton Street, Raleigh NC 27601
Phone: (919) 707-3001; FAX: (919) 733-5047

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