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Disease Alerts

EIA (Equine infectious anemia)| EHV-1 (Equine Herpesvirus) | West Nile Virus / EEE | BSE - "Mad Cow Disease"
Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus (PEDv) | Other concerns



UPDATE - June 27, 2018

State Veterinarian Doug Meckes releases statement on scrapie identified in a sheep from North Carolina

“The N.C. Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services’ Veterinary Division was notified by the U.S. Department of Agriculture at the end of April that a scrapie-positive sample, from a North Carolina sheep, was identified from routine slaughter testing as part of the national scrapie eradication program. There was insufficient positive tissue available to rule out non-classical scrapie. Non-classical scrapie occurs sporadically and has occurred in sheep and goats. It is either not transmissible or poorly transmissible under natural conditions. As a result, the U.S. Department of Agriculture is conducting additional testing of the sheep flock before determining whether to classify the case as classical scrapie.
“The farm is currently under quarantine and there is no risk to other farms or sheep that are in the marketplace. “This is the first scrapie-positive sample in North Carolina in more than 20 years. We applaud the efforts of producers in supporting the scrapie identification program and credit this program to reducing the number of scrapie cases and for quickly identifying the positive sample.”
Scrapie is a disease of sheep and goats and does not affect humans. It is caused by a prion that affects the central nervous system and clinical signs include a lack of coordination causing affected animals to rub against trees and other objects for support.


Fact sheet (NCDA&CS)

USDA APHIS Scrapie Disease Information


EIA (Equine infectious anemia)

UPDATE - Aug. 25, 2017

A 14-year-old female mule in Johnston County has contracted equine infectious anemia.
The disease was discovered through a routine blood test by the N.C. Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory in Raleigh and confirmed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. This is the first new case of EIA documented in North Carolina since 2005. (Release)


Equine Herpesvirus (EHV-1) Resources

UPDATE - June 29, 2016

A boarding facility in Durham County was quarantined on June 28 after a confirmation of EHV-1. All animals are having temperatures monitored twice a day, and no horses have had fevers or other clinical signs. The quarantine will be held for 21 days after the last fever is recorded.

UPDATE - Jan. 25, 2014:

The quarantine of a boarding facility in central North Carolina was released on Jan. 24, 2014. The quarantine had been in place since Dec. 23, 2013. As required, the stable completed 28 consecutive days with no clinical signs or fevers. Temperatures were checked daily by the stable manager and monitored by an NCDA&CS field veterinarian.

UPDATE - Dec. 30, 2013:

Horses at a boarding facility in central North Carolina have been confirmed to have the neurologic form of EHV-1. This facility has had little movement of horses on or off the farm. Our veterinarians are working closely with the practicing veterinarian and the farm owner. The premises has been quarantined and strict biosecurity measures have been in place since Dec. 23. All animals are having temperatures monitored twice a day, and no horses have had fevers or other clinical signs since Friday, Dec. 27, 2013, the first day there were confirmed lab results from the National Veterinary Services Laboratory. The quarantine will be held for 28 days after the last fever is recorded.


Past News Releases: Quarantine lifted from Rockingham County horse stable (2-9-12)
Virus affecting horses found at N.C. stable (1-5-12)

West Nile Virus (WNV) and Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis (EEE)

UPDATE - Nov. 1, 2017
The fifth and sixth positive cases of EEE were confirmed in Bladen and Camden counties. Click here for
press release.

UPDATE - Aug. 3, 2017
A 16-year-old paint horse in Cabarrus County has died after contracting Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis. Click here for press release.

West Nile Virus
WNV Disease Alert Page and Links
Tips to reduce mosquito breeding sites
NC Department of Public Health info on Arboviruses

Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis
EEE Disease Alert Page and Links

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) aka "Mad Cow Disease"

How North Carolina is working to prevent Mad Cow Disease

Other BSE information sources:
USDA BSE Response Information
APHIS BSE General Information
Centers for Disease Control (CDC's) BSE website including the disease in humans, called variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD).


Other Concerns

NCDA&CS Safety and Health website

CDC site for bioterrorism and emergency preparedness

Livestock Event Animal Health Safety Guidelines

Farm Biosecurity Guidelines

Foreign Animal Disease Investigation Protocol



NCDA&CS Veterinary Division, Dr. R. Douglas Meckes - State Veterinarian
Mailing Address: 1030 Mail Service Center, Raleigh, NC 27699-1030
Physical Address: 2 West Edenton Street, Raleigh, NC 27601
Phone: (919) 707-3250 Fax: (919) 733-2277

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