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Forest Products

 

North Carolina Species Guide

The State of North Carolina has substantial quantities of major species (red oak, white oak, southern yellow pine, maple, poplar). We are and will continue to be a major supplier of all species of quality American forest products to world markets. The following photos are only some samples of the species available in North Carolina. All American Hardwoods Species are available from the state through various suppliers.

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White Ash

American Ash (Fraxinus spp)

White Ash

The wood is very strong, hard, tough and elastic. The heartwood of commercial white ash varies from grayish brown, to light brown, to pale yellow streaked with brown; the sapwood is lightly colored or nearly white. A popular, easy to finish furniture wood, ash is also an excellent wood for paneling, handles, bending stock, veneer and sporting goods.

For additional information please visit the following links:

American Ash Species Range Map

http://www.ahec.org/hardwoods/guide/ash.html

 

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Hickory

American Hickory and American Pecan (Carya spp.)

Hickory

 

An important variety of N.C. hardwoods, hickory is very heavy, very hard, stiff and strong; the color is white to cream with a tan heartwood. It has a very high resistance to shock and therefore is a favored wood for tool handles. Other uses include furniture, paneling, sporting goods and other specialty applications.

For additional information please visit the following links:

Mockernut Hickory Species Range Map

http://www.ahec.org/hardwoods/guide/hickorypecan.html

 

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Soft Maple

American Soft Maple (Principally Acer rubrum, A. saccharinum)

Soft Maple

A favorite of American furniture makers, the wood is creamy to light brown. Although softer than hard maple, it is still a very hard wood and offers great resistance to abrasion. Other uses include paneling, interior finishes, cabinets and novelties.

For additional information please visit the following links:

Red Maple Species Range Map

http://www.ahec.org/hardwoods/guide/maplesoft.html

 

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Red Oak

American Red Oak (Quercus spp.)

Red Oak

The natural tones and contrast give oak it’s unmistakable character. The wood is heavy, hard, stiff and has a high resistance to shock. The color varies from light brown to a light brown with a reddish cast. It is a favorite wood for furniture, interior finishes, paneling, flooring, pallets, crossties, millwork, caskets, stair treads and risers.

For additional information please visit the following links:

Northern Red Oak Species Range Map

Southern Red Oak Species Range Map

http://www.ahec.org/hardwoods/guide/oakred.html

 

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White Oak

American White Oak (Quercus spp.)

White Oak

The wood varies from a light brown to a light brown with a grayish cast in the heartwood. With limitless design possibilities, white oaks are used for architectural interiors, paneling, furniture, flooring, tight cooperage, millwork, crossties, pallets, veneer, caskets and boats.

For additional information please visit the following links:

White Oak Species Range Map

http://www.ahec.org/hardwoods/guide/oakwhite.html

 

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Black Walnut

American Black Walnut (Juglans nigra)

Black Walnut

Finishing beautifully with impressive grain patterns and color, black walnut is widely described as the most valuable of American hardwoods. The color varies from a rich chocolate brown to a dark purplish brown. Main uses of black walnut include furniture, architectural woodwork and decorative panels. Walnut is also used in gun stocks, cabinets and interior finishing.

For additional information please visit the following links:

Black Walnut Species Range Map

http://www.ahec.org/hardwoods/guide/walnut.html

 

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American Tulipwood/Yellow Poplar

American Tulipwood, Yellow Poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera)

American Tulipwood/Yellow Poplar

One of the most abundant species of hardwoods in N.C., tulipwood has many desirable characteristics that are suitable for a variety of uses. The sapwood is white and frequently several centimeters thick; the heartwood is yellowish brown, but can be streaked with purple, green or black. Because of the white sapwood and excellent machining properties, tulipwood is gaining favor in many export markets. It is used for furniture parts, molding, interior trim, siding, musical instruments, boxes, crates and veneer core stock and backs. Tulipwood holds paint, enamel and stain well.

For additional information please visit the following links:

Yellow Poplar/Tulip Poplar Species Range Map

http://www.ahec.org/hardwoods/guide/tulipwood.html

 

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Cherry

American Cherry, Black Cherry (Prunus serotina)

Black Cherry

This increasingly popular wood is reddish brown with a yellow sapwood. Moderately heavy, hard, strong and fine-grained, cherry also stains and finishes exceptionally well. Excellent for furniture, fine veneer, woodwork, cabinetry and woodenware novelties.

For additional information please visit the following links:

American Black Cherry Species Range Map

http://www.ahec.org/hardwoods/guide/cherry.html

 

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American Eastern White Pine

American Eastern White Pine (Pinus Strobus)

Eastern White Pine

 

This wood is light in weight, moderately soft, moderately low in strength and low in resistance to shock. It is easy to work, and the color varies from a light cream sapwood to a light brown heartwood, often with a reddish tinge. Uses are furniture, knotty paneling, interior trim, caskets, doors and novelties.

For additional information please visit the following links:

American Eastern White Pine Species Range Map

http://www.na.fs.fed.us/pubs/silvics_manual/volume_1/pinus/strobus.htm

 

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Southern Yellow Pine

Loblolly Pine, Longleaf Pine, Slash Pine (Pinus spp.)

Southern Yellow Pine

Southern yellow pines are classified as heavy, strong, stiff, hard and moderately high in shock resistance. This group is made up of several very similar species of pines. The sapwood is yellowish white and the heartwood is reddish brown. In the U.S., southern yellow pines are devoted mostly to structural use, posts, pilings and pulpwood. Certain export markets, however, utilize the wood for decorative interior finishes, paneling and furniture.

For additional information please visit the following links:

Loblolly Pine Species Range Map

Longleaf Pine Species Range Map

Shortleaf Pine Species Range Map

Slash Pine Species Range Map

http://www.southernpine.com/whatis.shtml

 

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American Hard Maple

American Hard Maple (Acer saccharum, A. nigrum)

Hard Maple Lumber Sample

The sapwood is creamy white with a slight reddish brown tinge. The heartwood often varies from light to dark reddish brown. The amount of darker brown heartwood can vary significantly according to growing region. Both sapwood and heartwood can contain pith fleck. The wood has a close fine texture and is generally straight grained, but it can also occur as 'curly', 'fiddleback', and 'birds-eye' figure.

For additional information please visit the following links:

Black Maple Species Range Map

Sugar Maple Species Range Map

http://www.ahec.org/hardwoods/guide/maplehard.html

 

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Other Lesser Demanded Woods

 

Willow

American Willow (Salix spp.)

Willow Lumber Sample

For species information please visit the following links:

Black Willow Species Range Map

http://www.ahec.org/hardwoods/guide/willow.html

 

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American Sassafras

American Sassafras (Sassafras albidum)

Sassafras Lumber Sample

For species information please visit the following links:

American Sassafras Species Range Map

http://www.ahec.org/hardwoods/guide/sassafras.html

 

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American Gum

American Gum, Sweetgum, Redgum, Sapgum (Liquidamber styraciflua)

Sweetgum Lumber Sample

For species information please visit the following links:

Sweetgum Species Range Map

http://www.ahec.org/hardwoods/guide/sapgum.html

 

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American Hackberry

American Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)

Hackberry Lumber Sample

For species information please visit the following links:

American Hackberry Species Range Map

Sugarberry Species Range Map

http://www.ahec.org/hardwoods/guide/hackberry.html

 

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American Red Elm

American Red Elm (Ulmus rubra)

American Red Elm Lumber Sample

For species information please visit the following links:

American Red Elm Species Range Map

http://www.ahec.org/hardwoods/guide/elm.html

 

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American Cottonwood

American Cottonwood (Populus deltoides)

Cottonwood Lumber Sample

For species information please visit the following links:

American Cottonwood Species Rang Map

http://www.ahec.org/hardwoods/guide/cottonwood.html

 

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American Yellow Birch

American Yellow Birch (Betula alleghaniensis)

Yellow Birch Lumber Sample

For species information please visit the following links:

American Yellow Birch Species Range Map

http://www.ahec.org/hardwoods/guide/birch.html

 

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American Beech

American Beech (Fagus grandifolia)

American Beech Lumber Sample

For species information please visit the following links:

American Beech Species Range Map

http://www.ahec.org/hardwoods/guide/beech.html

 

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American Basswood

American Basswood (Tilia americana)

American Basswood Lumber Sample

For species information please visit the following links:

American Basswood Species Range Map

http://www.ahec.org/hardwoods/guide/basswood.html

 

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NCDA&CS International Trade Office, Peter Thornton, Assistant Director
Mailing Address: 1020 Mail Service Center, Raleigh NC 27699-1020
Physical Address: 2 W. Edenton Street, Room 411, Raleigh NC 27601
Phone: (919) 707-3153; FAX: (919) 715-0083
Website: www.ncagexports.com