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N.C. Apple Facts


  • Peak harvest of NC apples is mid August through October.
  • NC ranks seventh in apple production in the United States.
  • NC has over 200 commercial apple operations comprised of 9,000 bearing acres of apple orchards.
  • Up to 4 million bushels of apples can be produced in a given year.
  • Forty percent of the state's crop is marketed as fresh apples through packing operations and direct marketing outlets while the remaining 60% is utilized in the processing industry, mainly as applesauce and juice.
  • Apples are produced in four areas of the state around the Henderson, Haywood, Wilkes and Cleveland areas.
  • The four major varieties, which make up the bulk of NC's production, are Red Delicious, Golden Delicious, Rome Beauty and Galas.
  • Apples are rich in pectin. Pectin and mild acids found in apples help fight body toxins, aid digestion and pep up the whole system. Pectin too has been associated with helping to keep cholesterol levels in balance and is significant in helping to reduce the incidence of certain types of heart disease.
  • The high potassium...low sodium ratio is important in certain cardiac and renal problems as well as in diet for overweight persons.
  • Studies have shown that person's eating apples regularly have fewer headaches and other illnesses associated with nervous tension.
  • Other studies have demonstrated an association of regular apple consumption with a reduced incidence of colds and other upper respiratory ailments.
  • Apples are "Nature's Toothbrush". The mild fibrous texture of the apple, its non-adherent nature, juice content and mouth watering appeal to accelerate salivary action all combine to make it a wonderful natural aid for cleansing teeth.
  • The mild nature and low acidic content of apples are more readily accepted and digested by infants, and causes less colic and rash-related disorders.
  • The age-old adage, "An Apple A Day..." is being more and more clearly substantiated.
  • Apples contain zero fat per serving. Fiber content is 5 grams per servings. (FDA revised guidelines)
  • Production: A fully producing apple tree may grow up to 20-bushel boxes of apples/yr.
  • Consumption: Americans eat approx. 18.5 lbs. of fresh apples annually, compared to about 46 lbs. annually of many European counties.
  • Best way to store apples at home- always refrigerate your apples as cold as possible without freezing. Apples will ripen and therefore turn soft 10 times faster at room temperature and nearly 5 times faster at 40 degrees F.
  • Apples stored in commercial refrigerated storage will keep for 4-6 months, but for long term storage up to 12 months, growers use CA storage. Apples for CA are picked at their peak of internal quality and condition. They are rushed into CA storage the day they are picked. The oxygen level is lowered to 1.5-3%, temperature is reduced to 30-32 F, and carbon dioxide levels are monitored and controlled.
  • Naturally sweet and fun to eat. Fiber in an apple has been linked to help reduce serum cholesterol levels. Numerous studies have shown a link between high consumption of fruits and vegetables with a lower risk in different cancers.
  • What book of the Bible used the phrase "apple of his eye"? Deuteronomy 32:10 "He found him in a desert land and in the waste howling wilderness; he led him about, he instructed him, he kept him as the apple of his eye".
  • What makes apples turn red? The cool nights of late August and early September trigger the change in the enzymes of the apple skin to change the color from green to red. This same condition will put a pink "blush" on green Granny Smiths and add the yellow color to Golden Delicious Apples.
  • What is the nutritional value of apples? An apple's primary nutritional benefit is in the pectin and fiber. Apples contain as much fiber as a whole bowl of most popular cereals. Other important natural chemicals called flovonoids may play a role in prevention of certain cancers and heart disease.
  • An apple tree begins to blossom and bear fruit in as few as 3 years, depending on the variety and rootstock. Generally speaking, it is 8-10 years before a commercial orchard begins to reach full production and begins giving the grower a return on investment.

    For complete faxed report call 202-205-5592.
For additional information on suppliers of apples or crop information contact: Stephanie Wise, NCDA Marketing Division, 570 Brevard Road, Asheville, NC 28806. Phone 704-253-1691 or Fax 252-2025. E-Mail Address is stephanie.wise@ncagr.gov.

THE HEALTH AND NUTRITION STORY OF APPLES

By: F. P. Corey, Director of Public Relations International Apple Institute, Washington, D.C.

Apples provide bulk in the diet for the proper functioning of the body's digestive and regulatory systems. Pectin and hemicellulose and the acid-base ratio contribute to this. Pectin and mild acids help fight body toxins, aid digestion and pep up the whole body system. Apples are rich in pectin. Pectin too has been associated with helping to keep cholesterol levels in balance and in this relationship is felt to be significant in helping to reduce the incidence of certain types of heart disease. The high potassium...low sodium ratio in apples is also important in certain cardiac and renal problems as well as in diet for overweight persons.

Studies have shown that persons eating apples regularly have fewer headaches and other illnesses associated with nervous tension. Other studies have demonstrated an association of regular apple consumption with a reduced in incidence of colds and other upper respiratory ailments. While much research remains to be done to determine precisely why apples are so healthful, the age-old adage, "An Apple A Day...", is being more and more clearly substantiated.

Apples are the "Smile Fruit" and "Nature's Toothbrush". The mild fibrous texture of the apple and its non-adherent nature; its juice content; its flavorful, mouth-watering appeal to accelerate salivary action all combine to make it a wonderful natural aid for cleansing the teeth and mouth of other more adherent-type foods and forgiving the teeth and mouth a fresh, clean feeling. Chewing an apple exercises the gums and teeth and facial muscles, too. Studies have shown markedly fewer dental caries, particularly during the six to sixteen caries prone age, when apples are eaten regularly in lieu of excessive amounts of candies and pastries and soft drinks which may leave harmful residues on the teeth for long periods of time.

Dental educational authorities stress the importance of thorough brushing and flossing at least once each day to control plaque buildup on the teeth, but they also encourage apples for snacks and for ending the meal... for better dental health and for better nutrition.

Studies have shown that apple juice for infants, because of its mild nature and low acid content is less irritating than fruit juices of higher acid content, and more readily accepted and digested by infants, and causes less colic and rash-related disorders.

Apples contain modest amounts of nearly all of the most important nutrients and because of their universal flavor appeal, versatility and convenience for use, and near year 'round availability, nutritionists and dietitians rate them high on any list for eating right and staying fit. They are good for your teeth, your stomach, your skin and complexion, your nerves, your smile, your overall good health. That's why we say, Apples are good - and good for you.


The Life and Legend of
Johnny Appleseed

1774-1845

Yes, Johnny Appleseed was a real living person. His name was John Chapman. He was born in Leominster, Massachusetts, September 26, 1774. His father, Nathaniel Chapman was one of the Minutemen at Concord and later served as a Captain in the Revolutionary War. His mother, Elizabeth Simons Chapman, died in 1776 while his father was still in service. After the war his father married again and John spent his early years in and around Longmeadow, Massachusetts.

Details of his boyhood are scanty at best. In his early twenties he traveled to the frontier country of northwestern Pennsylvania near the little settlement of Warren and from there history records his travels, his work and his legend westward throughout the Ohio country and beyond.

For nearly fifty years John Chapman helped America grow up in the frontier country that is now Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio, Indiana, and fringes of other states. He was a firm believer and missionary in the Swedenborgian Christian faith. He was a nurseryman with a love for apples which resulted, over his life span, in the clearing of many acres of wilderness, largely in one to five acre plots, where he planted and tended apple trees to be sold, traded, bartered and given away to the frontier farmers throughout the broad Ohio country where he traveled. Johnny Appleseed died near Fort Wayne, Indiana in March 1845, not too long before another spring would have brought another bounty of the apple blossoms he loved. He was 71. Still traveling. Still tending his apple tree nurseries. Still preaching "News right fresh from Heaven". Still helping his fellowman.

When he ended his fifty year odyssey throughout the midwestern United States. John Chapman had become a living legend in American folklore. Like many of those in this deposit of Americana. Johnny Appleseed was a real person who actually lived in the days of the frontier settlement. Unlike many of his folklore counterparts, however, he really performed the heroic acts that are the substance of his legend.

During his sojourn John Chapman became known for his courage and his dedication to his fellow man, as well as for the apple orchards he planted.

Part poet-philosopher, part mystic, out of phase with the goals and aspirations of his contemporaries, but infinitely attuned to the larger harmony of the universe. Johnny Appleseed occupies a special place in the long line of dreamers, innovators, and statesman who have contributed to America's greatness.


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NCDA&CS Markets Division, Tom Slade, Director
Mailing Address: 1020 Mail Service Center, Raleigh NC 27699-1020
Physical Address: 2 W. Edenton Street, Room 402, Raleigh NC 27601
Phone: (919) 707-3100; FAX: (919) 733-0999