|What Will Grow In Your Garden?
Three factors determine what will grow in your garden.
Amount of Sunlight
You should find plants that best fit the type of sunlight you have
throughout the year: full sun, half sun or shade.
Soil texture is the amount of sand, silt, clay,
and organic matter in the soil. Soil texture affects how well nutrients
and water are retained in the soil. Clays and organic soils hold nutrients
and water much better than sandy soils. As water drains from sandy soils,
it often carries nutrients along with it. This condition is called leaching.
An ideal soil contains equivalent portions of sand, silt, clay, and organic
Choose plants that like the amount of moisture in your soil. If you
have wet or soggy soil choose a plant that likes this situation. If you
have dry soil choose a plant that can go without water during periods of
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|FOR VEGETABLE AND FLOWER GARDENS
Spread the recommended amount of fertilizer
uniformly over your garden. Mix or till it, 4 to 6 inches into the soil,
before seeding or transplanting. This method of application reduces the
potential of salt injury to germinating seeds or young transplants.
Certain vegetable crops require additional nitrogen
during the growing season. Some of these vegetables are tomatoes, potatoes,
sweet corn, cabbage, squash, okra, beans, and peppers.
Always water after applying fertilizer to help the movement of nutrients
into the root zone.
FOR AZALEA, CAMELLIA, MOUNTAIN LAUREL and RHODODENDRON
These plants are acid-loving plants and grow best when the soil
pH ranges from 4.8 to 5.5. Azalea and camellia fertilizers are generally
acid-forming, which is an added benefit if the soil pH is too high (above
Split fertilizer treatments into three equal applications: 1/3 in early
April, 1/3 in June or July and 1/3 in September. This will produce more
uniform growth and minimize leaching.
Roses have a high need for calcium.
Lime recommendations are designed to maintain soil pH within a range of
6.0 to 6.5. A rate of 50 lbs per 1000 square feet is equivalent to spreading
1/2 cup around a plant to a distance of 18 inches. For best results, mix
lime into the top 3 to 4 inches of soil.
FOR OTHER ORNAMENTAL SHRUBS
Apply fertilizer in April or when the first flower buds appear. Apply
additional nitrogen at monthly intervals through August. Water thoroughly
following fertilizer application.
The best time to apply fertilizer is in the early spring, usually one
month prior to the most rapid growth period.
FOR SHADE TREES
Spread fertilizers evenly around the plant 10 to 12 inches from the
base and water thoroughly.
In cases where many plants are being planted in beds, mix or till lime
and fertilizer before setting plants. Always apply any recommended lime
several weeks before planting to allow enough time to adjust soil acidity.
Apply fertilizer in February or March, prior to budding. Mature trees
growing within a lawn seldom need any fertilizer beyond that applied to
Spread the fertilizer evenly around the tree starting 12 inches from
the trunk and out just beyond the farthest point where water drips off
the tree (drip line).
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