Cost Share Programs - Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program

CREP logo
is a voluntary program utilizing federal and state resources to achieve long-term protection of environmentally sensitive cropland and marginal pasture land. These voluntary protection measures are accomplished through 10-, 15-, 30-year and permanent conservation easements.

Who is eligible?

Landowners in the approved watersheds are eligible for CREP. Currently, that includes 76 counties in North Carolina. To be eligible, cropland must meet cropping history criteria and be able to sustain cropping as of the landowner’s program enrollment date. Marginal pasture land may be enrolled provided it is suitable for use as a riparian buffer

Why is this program important?

As water quality becomes a bigger environmental issue, this program improves and protects water quality while restoring and enhancing riparian habitat corridors next to streams, drainage ditches, estuaries, wetlands and other watercourses. In addition this program provides a mechanism to help farmers comply with the Neuse and Tar-Pamlico Nitrogen Reduction Rules and potential regulations or goals in other watersheds.

How does CREP work?

CREP encourages farmers to place environmentally sensitive land near streams or other approved water bodies into a vegetative cover for a period of time.  In return, landowners receive annual payments and are reimbursed for establishing the conservation practices.  Landowners choosing to enroll in a 30-year or permanent easement will also receive a one-time state incentive payment and may also be eligible to receive a tax incentive.

What is a CREP conservation easement?

A CREP conservation easement is a written agreement between a landowner and the state of North Carolina in which there is an acquired interest in the land to install conservation practices that protect natural resources. The conservation easement exists for 10-, 15-, 30 years or permanently, depending on the landowner’s choice. With CREP, the landowner voluntarily limits future use of the land for activities such as crop farming and development, yet retains private ownership.

Landowner Information

More information on easements

Frequently Asked Questions

Example of Permanent Easement

Example of 30-year Easement

Tools and Resources


Q&A from Trainings

Forestry Management Checklist

Easement Viewer

Search the Easement Viewer for areas that are participating in CREP.


NCDA&CS Division of Soil & Water Conservation, Pat Harris, Director
Mailing Address: 1614 Mail Service Center, Raleigh NC 27699-1614
Physical Address: 512 North Salisbury Street, Raleigh North Carolina 27604
Phone: 919.733.2302; FAX: 919.715.3559